American professional baseball player” AARON JUDGE”

Know important information About Aaron  Judge

Aaron James Judge an American professional baseball player

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Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder Aaron James Judge was born in the United States on April 26, 1992. height 6 feet 7 inches (2.01 meters) tall, He plays for the New York Yankees. Five-time All-Star in MLB,

The Yankees picked Judge with the number 32 overall choice in the first round of the 2013 MLB draft after he played baseball for the Fresno State Bulldogs in college. In 2016, he made his MLB debut, slugging a home run in his first at-bat in the big league.

He was a first-team All-Star and the first MLB rookie to triumph in the Home Run Derby. in 2017


Judge later had a rookie season in 2017 that broke all previous records. He was selected as an All-Star, became the first MLB rookie to win the Home Run Derby, and hit 52 home runs, shattering Joe DiMaggio’s Yankee full-season rookie record of 29 and Mark McGwire’s MLB rookie record of 49. For two years, he held the rookie record.

personal life

family family

Patty and Wayne Judge adopted the judge, both teachers in Linden, California, the day after he was born. Judge was born in Sacramento, California, He was adopted with his older brother John.

He was a three-sport standout at Linden High School. He participated on the football team as a wide receiver, on the baseball team as a pitcher and first baseman, and the basketball team as a center. In football, he established a school record for touchdowns, and in basketball, he led the team in scoring (18.2) per game. He was a member of the baseball team from Linden High School that advanced to the Division III playoffs of the California Interscholastic Federation. 2010 saw Judge’s graduation from Linden High.

In college he preferred baseball He signed up to play baseball for the Fresno State Bulldogs of the Western Athletic Conference (WAC) at California State University, Fresno (Fresno State), Judge played for a Fresno State squad in 2011 that won the Western Athletic Conference (WAC) Tournament, qualified for the NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament, and shared the regular season WAC championship. He was designated a Freshman All-American by Louisville Slugger.


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Since receiving the odd uniform number 99 during spring training in 2016, Judge has worn it (younger players who are not anticipated to reach the final regular-season squad normally receive higher numbers). Judge had previously claimed in 2016 that he would have liked either No. 35 or No. 44, which was retired by the Yankees in memory of Reggie Jackson, but he was unsure if he would switch if the latter two became available.

A group of 40 sports writers and editors from news organizations throughout the United States selected Judge as The Associated Press (AP) “Male Athlete of the Year” on December 30, 2022. Judge narrowly defeated Los Angeles Angels two-way sensation and previous champion Shohei Ohtani in the vote

judge hit three home runs, including a grand slam, against the Washington Nationals on August 23, 2023.

In a matchup against the Houston Astros on September 2, Judge hit his 250th home run (30th of the year). The 426-foot single shot was hit in the fifth inning against star pitcher Justin Verlander. He broke Ralph Kiner’s (871 games) and Ryan Howard’s (855 games) prior records by becoming the player to hit 250 home runs in MLB history in his 810th career game.


Samantha Bracksieck is his wife. their love story began in high school.

They were barely teens when they first met, and now that they are married, they may officially be considered high school sweethearts. However, nothing is known about Aaron and Samantha as they make every effort to keep their relationship a secret.

Aaron’s All Rise Foundation.

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According to its mission statement, it wants to “inspire children and young to become responsible citizens and motivate them to attain boundless potential.
Judge founded the Aaron Judge All Rise Foundation. Their mission statement is to “Inspire children and youth to become responsible citizens and encourage them to reach unlimited possibilities.”

records, MLB records, Awards, and honors

(2017, 2021, 2022) Silver Slugger

Award for Hank Aaron (2022)

2021 Fielding Bible Award

Outfield All-MLB Team (2021)2022 American League MVP

Outfielder All-MLB First Team (2022)

Male Athlete of the Year, The Associated Press (2022)

NBA All-Star

Young Player of the Year

Champion of the Home Run Derby

fastest to hit 250 home runs in a career.

MLB’s First Rookie

number of strikeouts a rookie has

Most home runs are hit at home throughout a season: Residence Club

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Some interesting Facts about The FIFA Women’s World Cup

Some  Facts about The FIFA Women’s World Cup

The FIFA Women’s World Cup started in 1991

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This is the first logo of the FIFA Women’s World Cup that was held in Guangdong in China.

The logo shows two globes that showed all the continent’s shape of running women done in black and placed in front of the globes

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FIFA Women’s World Cup has been held every four years and one year after the men’s FIFA World Cup since 1991

In 1995

“Women’s World Cup `95 held in Sweden”

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the logo had created a half circle around the woman’s head in was the black and white football ball  in the Centered right The precise dates of the incident were written in light blue directly beneath, somewhat off-center.


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the tournament was held in several cities in the United States


FIFA Women's World Cup Logo 1999 Duffy Design created the symbol, which was a bright yellow rectangle with several border lines.

The event’s global scope was symbolized by an abstract blue drawing of a lady sprinting with a ball and a thin circle. In a different square version with some parts moved around, this element was eliminated.




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A graphic that resembled a trophy with a ball at the top decorated the logo to the right.


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Logo  designe with two hues of blue, the traditional FIFA colors, and used spiral brushstrokes with a sun at the top to evoke Chinese calligraphy. The final section was created using gradients of yellow and orange that are typical of the sunrise or sunset. Along the trophy-like helix that ran over. The tournament’s year and host nation were indicated by the emblem. The Women’s World Cup trophy may be seen in the upper right corner of the logo.


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2011 world cup held in  Germany logo had a stadium with a green field and spirals painted in the national colors of red, gold, and black to depict the seating area. The name of the nation and the year were written in white, capital letters on a light blue background above the stadium. Germany


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In 2015 World Cup held in Canada

In the logo, The background was a crimson gradient, and the focal point was a huge, vibrant maple leaf. The first leaf, which was stylized to resemble thin red and orange leaves or feathers, was on the left. The center leaf, which was on the right, had various blue gradients and resembled icy peaks or structures. The leaf to the extreme right included a blue river, a green field, and green mountain peaks. The “A” in the “Canada 2015” inscription at the bottom continued horizontally into the center, styled as a leaping human figure.


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In 2019 it held in France

The 2019 FIFA Women’s World Cup logo features an abstract trophy with a golden football perched atop it. The trophy is formed of a blue, red, and white ribbon that is swirling. The word “FIFA” is written in white writing. The words “Women’s World Cup” are written in light blue underneath the trophy, along with “France 2019” in larger font.


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Now this year “The FIFA Women’s World Cup” happening in Australia and New Zealand

they used a sizable, black rectangle as its base logo. the logo came out highly colorful, and the background’s darkness let the colors pop even more. The brightest and most striking component was positioned at the very top. It was a black and white football, and there were 32 different colored squares arranged in two by two lines around it. They were intended to serve as a representation of the nations taking part in the competition. The vivid hues demonstrate that each nation brings something distinctive to the table, and they are all brought by the same sport. The radial pattern is also characteristic of the indigenous cultures of the hosting countries, and they wanted to demonstrate to the world that they, too, have much to offer.



Huw Edwards, a Welsh writer, moderator, and newsreader, was the lead moderator of BBC News at Ten, the nightly news program of the BBC.

Huw Edwards was brought into the world on 18 August 1961 in Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales, into a Welsh-talking family,

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His dad, Hywel Teifi Edwards, was a Plaid Cymru and Welsh language activist, and a creator and scholarly, who was a research teacher of Welsh-language Writing at College School, Swansea, and his mother, Aerona Protheroe, instructed at Llanelli’s Ysgol Gyfun y Strade for a very long time. He has one sister, Meinir.

He was taught at Llanelli Young Men’s Punctuation School He graduated with a five-star respects degree in French from College School, Cardiff, in 1983.

he began as a journalist for the neighborhood radio broadcast Swansea Sound and afterward joined the BBC

Edwards was granted a Specialist of Reasoning (PhD) degree

, with a proposal on Welsh Maverick churches in Llanelli and London, by the College of Ribs Trinity Holy person David. His doctoral proposal was named O Dinopolis

He joined the BBC as a news learner in 1984. In 1986, he became a parliamentary journalist for BBC Grains.

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Edwards presented the BBC Six O’Clock News In 1994 and January 2003 this was the most-watched news program in England.

In January 2003, Edwards became the principal moderator of the Ten O’Clock News on BBC One, the partnership’s leader news broadcast.

Celebration of Recognition, Critique group at the opening and shutting services of the 2008 Beijing Olympics, 2012 London Olympics, and 2014 Region Games, a few political race specials, 2007 Public Gathering for Wales,2008 US decisions, and introduction of Barack Obama. different extraordinary projects he introduced.

he introduced neighborhood races from David Dimbleby, Breakfast News, One O’Clock News, and Newsnight, the wedding of Ruler William and Catherine Middleton had 20 million watchers at its top in the Unified Realm and the group won a BAFTA Grant for Best Inclusion of a Live Occasion. In June 2012 he introduced the BBC inclusion of the Jewel Celebration of Elizabeth II

Edwards shared the BBC’s 2015 UK general political race inclusion with Dimbleby and added to the inclusion of the 2016 UK European Association mandate,

he shared the introduction of the BBC inclusion of David Dimbleby as the host of BBC Political Race Night inclusion, the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, the 2019 UK general election, and the passing of Ruler Philip, as well as burial service inclusion on 17 April.



Saltwater crocodile guide | Discover Wildlife

1. The largest reptiles on Earth are crocodiles.

2. The strongest bite in the animal kingdom belongs to crocodiles.
The maximum pressure that a human jaw can exert per square inch is only 100 pounds. In contrast, according to our knowledge of crocodiles, their jaws can exert 5000 pounds of pressure per square inch. In comparison to a great white shark, it has a bite that is ten times more potent. However, despite this, the crocodiles’ jaw-opening muscles are so tiny and feeble that a person may seal their mouth with simply a rubber band or his or her hands.

3. Crocodiles can swim quite well.
Crocodiles move quite quickly through the water. They have a maximum swimming speed of 22 mph, or 35 km/h. They move across the water by using their muscular tails and their webbed feet as rudders. Additionally, their tails enable them to remain upright in the water for up to three hours.

Discover How Fast Crocodiles Can Swim: Top Speeds and Interesting Facts! - AZ Animals

4. They frequently have their lips open when sleeping.

If you see a crocodile with its mouth open, do not become alarmed. When they witness a crocodile emerge from the water with its mouth open, the majority of people immediately think that they are in danger. But in truth, they just “mouth gape,” or open their lips, to let off steam. Since crocodiles cannot perspire, they will sit or lie down with their mouths open to let heat escape. Although it may appear threatening, they are not acting aggressively.

5. The tiniest crocodile in the world is found in West Africa. reaching a height of 1.8 meters (5.9 feet). In tunnels in the hollows of low-lying tree branches along the water’s edge, it can be found alone or in couples.

Dwarf crocodile - Wikipedia

6. The largest reptiles in the world are saltwater crocodiles. They may reach a height of 7.0 meters (23 feet) and weigh between 2200 and 2600 pounds.

Lolong - Wikipedia

7. To aid with digestion, they ingest tiny stones.

Animals with shells and bones or crocodiles that consume their prey whole benefit from swallowing stones called “gastroliths.” Food is ground in their stomachs with the aid of gastroliths. The crocodile’s stomach may harbor these stones for many years.

8. They have 24 teeth, but they seldom chew anything with them since they are so sharp.
serpentine teeth

Crocodiles have 24 very sharp teeth, yet they hardly ever utilize them to eat their meal. Instead, they seize, grasp, and smash their prey or food using their teeth. Small stones that they ingest ground-up food for in their stomachs. Additionally, when they close, their jaws may apply a significant amount of force, yet little is required to hold them shut.

9. The heart of a crocodile contains four chambers.

The majority of bird species are similar to it, and while it is on dry land, it will act like other animals. However, the crocodile’s heart operates like a three-chambered organ while it is swimming, leaping, or diving. They can spend more time underwater because of this, much like other reptiles can.

10. A crocodile egg’s temperature can reveal the gender of the embryo.

A male crocodile will hatch if the egg inside reaches a temperature of 88.8 degrees Fahrenheit. A female crocodile will hatch if the temperature is either above or below this level.

11. There are 23 different species of crocodiles in the world, and each has a different lifetime of between 35 and 75 years.

12. They always have powerful, long tails. When swimming and moving on land, they help crocodiles maintain equilibrium. Males may utilize them during courting to attract attention. They may flick their tail during assaults to knock their prey unconscious.

13. Crocodiles swim far faster than they can walk.
There is a common misconception that crocodiles cannot be outrun because of their speed. While the typical person can sprint eight to nine miles per hour and crocodiles can belly run up to 11 miles per hour, when your adrenaline begins pounding, you should be able to outrun a crocodile since they fatigue quickly.

14. Morelet’s crocodile

The modestly sized Morelet’s crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii), commonly referred to as the Mexican or Belize crocodile, is a freshwater crocodilian that is exclusively found in the Atlantic areas of Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala.[ It often reaches a length of 3 meters (10 feet). It is a species of Least Concern. Guatemala contains a fossil record of the species.

15. The saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus)

From the east coast of India to Southeast Asia and the Sundaic area to northern Australia and Micronesia, the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is a crocodilian that is indigenous to saltwater environments, brackish wetlands, and freshwater rivers. Since 1996, it has been categorized as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Its range was extensively hunted for its skin up until the 1970s, and it is now endangered due to unlawful hunting and habitat destruction. It is thought to be harmful to people.

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Know important information About Aaron  Judge




Jewish New Year begins Friday, September 15 evening at sunset. The start of Rosh Hashanah 2023 is on Friday, September 15, and lasts until sundown on Sunday, September 17, 2023

Rosh Hashanah happens toward the beginning of Tishrei when God is said to have made the world. Hence, Rosh Hashanah should be visible as the birthday of the world

As per custom, God judges all creatures during the 10 Days of Stunningness between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur

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Jews all across the world, but especially in Israel, observe the occasion with appreciation and grandeur.

Page 43 | Rosh Hashanah Jewish Holidays Images - Free Download on Freepik

The Hebrew term for this holy day is Yom Teruah. it’s the “beginning of the new year”

The two-day Rosh Hashanah celebration and observance starts on the first day of Tishrei, the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year, and lasts two days.

According to Jewish traditions, Rosh Hashanah heralds the start of the civil year and is also the customary anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve, the first man and woman according to the Hebrew Bible, and the beginning of humanity’s place in God’s creation.

In the Jewish calendar, it is the start of the year 5784.

What To Say To Jewish On Yom Kippur

Prayer, synagogue services, contemplation, symbolic meals, and the sound of the shofar are all used to mark the event.

apples dipped in honey to symbolize a sweet new year. One of the most well known Rosh Hashanah customs includes eating apple cuts dunked in honey, at times in the wake of saying an exceptional petition. Antiquated Jews accepted apples had mending properties, and honey the expectation that the new year will be sweet

This Rosh Hashanah, fill up on symbolic dips, bites and small plates
  • Pomegranate.
  • Honey Cake…
  • Fish.
  • Couscous with Seven Vegetables.
  • Leeks, Chard or Spinach. …
  • Dates.
  1. “Shana Tova Umetuka” – A Sweet New Year: …
  2. “L’Shanah Tovah” – For a Good Year: …
  3. “G’mar Chatimah Tovah” – A Prayer for Good Fate: ..
  4. are the way to wish the new year

Who is a Jew?

One who practices Judaism is referred to as a Jew.

what is Judaism?

An Abrahamic, monotheistic, and ethnic religion is Judaism (Hebrew: Yahă). It includes all the Jewish people’s collective spiritual, cultural, and legal traditions. they originated in the Middle East during the Bronze Age as a formal religion. Around the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, Yahwism, the cultic religious movement of ancient Israel and Judah, gave rise to modern Judaism.

God in Judaism

Jehovah God in Judaism

Jehovah is a Latinization of the Hebrew name for God, Yahweh.  Jehovah is one of the seven names of God in Judaism

Judaism traditionally claims that Yahweh, the national god of the Israelites and the god of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, freed the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and handed them the Torah at Mount Sinai.

Religious symbols in Judaism

Religious symbols in Judaism indicated a sign, yet additionally a noticeable strict badge of the connection between God and humans.


Torah the holy book of Judaism

Torah Torah

The Torah is “Guidance”, “Educating” or “Regulation”) is the assemblage of the initial five books of the Jewish Book of Scriptures, or “Law”) is the compilation of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, namely the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The Torah is known as the Pentateuch or the Five Books of Moses It is also known as the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh.

The Star of David

The Star of David is a representation of both the Jewish people as a whole and of Judaism as a religion. It is also believed to be King David’s shield or at least his insignia. Jewish legend connects the emblem to King Solomon’s “Seal of Solomon,” a mystical signet ring he used to command demons and spirits.

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Jewish legend also connects the sign to a magical shield that King David had and used to defend himself from foes. The Star of David became the emblem of Jewish communities after their freedom during the French Revolution. The Israeli flag has the star.


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One of the most recognizable images of Judaism, the menorah is a seven-outfitted candelabra that addresses the province of Israel as a “light upon countries.” Strangely, the menorah that is utilized to observe Hanukkah has nine arms rather than seven so we can light a candle for every evening of the celebration. In fact talking, a menorah for Hanukkah is a “Hanukkiah,” however most everybody simply calls it a menorah.

Four Species

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Addresses the celebration of Sukkot. Frequently a backup of the Menorahblem


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An old melodic horn normally made of a slam’s horn, utilized for Jewish strict purposes

Shofar is a symbol of the High Holy Days. used as a ceremonial tool to formally usher in the new year. In Judaism, a shofar is an instrument produced using the horn of a slam or other fit creature. It is played like a trumpet and is otherwise called the Jewish smash’s horn. The shofar is utilized during Jewish High Occasions to remind individuals to zero in on otherworldly subjects

The shofar is utilized at significant Jewish public and strict events. In scriptural times, it was utilized to:
1-Sound the time of rest
2-Report the New Moon
3-Declare the blessing of another lord
4-Assemble individuals

Jewish regulation expects that the shofar be blown multiple times on every day of Rosh Hashanah. By custom, it is blown 100 or multiple times on every day.

The shofar represents:
Foretelling the approaching of the Savior
The finish of the current world request
The initiation of God’s rule of nobility all through the world
A recovered Israel driving all individuals in recognizing that God is One and His name One
A sign of the slam forfeited by Abraham instead of Isaac during the Limiting of Isaac


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dreidel is a four-sided turning top played during the Jewish occasion of Hanukkah. The dreidel is a Jewish variation on the teetotum,

Each side of the dreidel bears a letter of the Jewish letters in order: נ‎ (religious woman), ג‎ (gimel), ה‎ (hei), ש‎ (shin). These letters are addressed in Yiddish as a memory helper for the guidelines of a betting game got from teetotum played with a dreidel: religious recluse represents the word


tallit tallit

A tallit is a bordered piece of clothing worn as a request cloak by strict Jews. The tallit has unique twined and tied edges known as tzitzit joined to its four corners. The fabric part is known as the beaded (“piece of clothing”) and is typically produced using fleece or cotton, in spite of the fact that silk is in some cases utilized for a tallit gadol.


Benefits of Wearing a Kippah 500x291 2 jpg Benefits of Wearing a Kippah 500x291 2 jpg

The little, round head covering worn by Jews is known as a Yarmulke in Yiddish, or a Kippah in Hebrew. It fills in as an update that there is consistently somebody above you. Standard guys by and large wear a Kippah consistently,


A siddur is a Jewish prayer book containing a set order of daily prayers. The word siddur comes from the Hebrew root

Siddur Siddur


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is a piece of material recorded with explicit Hebrew stanzas from the Torah, which Jewish devotees of Rabbinical Judaism join to the doorposts of their homes.These sections are the Scriptural entries where the utilization of a mezuzah is instructed (Deuteronomy they likewise structure part of the Shema prayer.(Jewish supplication (known as the Shema) that fills in as a focal point of the morning and night Jewish petitioning God administrations)In standard Rabbinic Judaism, a mezuzah should commonly be set in each entryway in the home


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known as a Torah pointer, used by the reader to follow the text during the parchment Torah from the parchment Torah  Torah scrolls. It is often shaped like a long rod, capped by a small hand with its index finger pointing from it


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The hamsa is a palm-molded image involved by Jews and different religions as a defensive ornament to avoid the “stink eye.” A few Jews consider the topsy-turvy hand to address the hand of God.

these are holy symbols in Judaism



The San Francisco 49ers will travel to face the Pittsburgh Steelers at Acrisure Stadium on Sunday at 1:00 p.m. ET.


The 49ers are not a cute little team anymore - Niners Nation

  49ERS is a San Francisco Bay Area-based professional American football team. Established June 5, 1944; The 49ers contend in the Public Football Association (NFL) as an individual from the association’s Public Football Meeting (NFC) West division, and play their home games at Levi’s Arena in St Nick Clara, California,

The group was established in 1946 as a contract individual from the All-America Football Meeting (AAFC) and joined the NFL in 1949 when the associations merged. The 49ers were the main significant association pro athletics establishment situated in San Francisco

It is  the 10th oldest franchise in the NFL

79 years ago.First season: 1946 Between 1981 and 1994, the 49ers won five Super Bowl victories.

They are one of the most successful teams in NFL history, having won the division 21 times between 1970 and 2022.

The 49ers will be the sixth most valuable NFL franchise in August 2022, according to Forbes, with a $5.2 billion valuation.[19] They were listed as the 12th most valuable sports team in the world in 2020, above the Chicago Bears and behind the Los Angeles Rams.[20] The enterprise division of the 49ers secured the purchase of the English soccer club Leeds Unite in June 2023.

Pittsburgh Steelers

2023 Steelers Draft Recap | Pittsburgh Steelers - YouTube

Located in Pittsburgh, the Pittsburgh Steelers play professional American football.Established July 8, 1933; 90 years ago.First season: 1933

The Steelers are the oldest AFC club and the seventh-oldest NFL franchise. They have also won eight AFC championships,.The franchise has participated in (16 times) and hosted (11 times) more conference championship games than any other team in the NFL. They are tied with the New England Patriots for the most Super Bowl victories with six. The Patriots hold the record with 11 AFC titles, while the Steelers have a record eight, tied with the Denver Broncos. With eight Super Bowl appearances, the franchise is tied for second with the Denver Broncos and Dallas Cowboys.

some more fact

. The Steelers and 49ers each claimed many NFL titles during the same era. In the 1970s, the Steelers won four Super Bowls, and in the 1980s, the 49ers won four Super Bowls.

The Steelers and the 49ers have had quarterbacks in the Hall of Fame. The 49ers had Joe Montana, Steve Young, and Colin Kaepernick, while the Steelers had Terry Bradshaw, Joe Montana, and Ben Roethlisberger.

The head coaches of the Steelers and the 49ers are both in the Hall of Fame. Bill Cowher and Chuck Noll were on the Steelers, and Bill Walsh and George Seifert were on the 49ers.

Iconic defensive players have played for both the Steelers and the 49ers. Mean Joe Greene, Jack Lambert, and Troy Polamalu played for the Steelers. Ronnie Lott, Charles Haley, and Patrick Willis played for the 49ers.

Considered to be among the most prosperous teams in NFL history are the Steelers and the 49ers.

Both the Steelers and the 49ers are situated in significant urban areas. The 49ers are based in San Francisco, California, whereas the Steelers are in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Both the Steelers and the 49ers have fervent supporter bases.



in this article, we will know some important facts about the Indian moon mission from Chandrayaan-1 to Chandrayaan-3

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The first Indian lunar mission launched as part of the Chandrayaan program was Chandrayaan-1. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) established it in October 2008.

On October 22, 2008, at 00:52 UTC, India launched the spacecraft from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, using a PSLV-XL rocket.

Chandrayaan orbiter at 14:36 UTC struck the south pole in a controlled manner. 

ISRO became the fifth national space agency to reach the lunar surface. Other nations whose national space agencies have done so prior were the former Soviet Union in 1959, the United States in 1962, Japan in 1993, and ESA member states in 2006.

Chandrayaan-1 failed after completing its operations for 312 days and achieved 95% of its planned objectives. The mission was designed to last for two years. As the star tracking system overheated and malfunctioned due to radiation from the sun, it paved the way for Chandrayaan-1 to its premature end.

mission of Chandrayaan-1

Chandrayaan-1 was In order to create an accurate picture of the surface’s chemical composition and three-dimensional topography, the lunar surface had to be surveyed for two years. The polar areas are of particular significance since water ice may be present there. The discovery of the widespread existence of water molecules in lunar soil was one of its numerous accomplishments.

Chandrayaan-2 successfully leaves earth orbit, begins journey to the moon | Mint


Launch date22 July 2019, 09:13:12 utc
RocketLVM3 M1 
Launch siteSatish Dhavan Space Centre second launch pad


Chandrayaan-2 vs Chandrayaan-3: A Comparative Analysis

Vikram lander on the moon

It is made up of an Indian-developed lunar orbiter, the Vikram lander, and the Pragyan rover.

The primary scientific goal is to map and investigate the differences in the lunar surface’s composition as well as the presence and distribution of water on the moon.

On September 6, 2019, the lander and rover were supposed to touch down on the near side of the Moon in the south polar area at a latitude of around 70° south.

On September 6, 2019, the lander was attempting to land when it lost control and crashed after deviating from its intended course. A failure analysis report provided to ISRO states that a software error was to blame for the disaster.



the third Indian lunar exploration mission under the Indian Space Research

launched on 14 July 2023 Organisation’s (ISRO) Chandrayaan program.It consists of a lander named Vikram and a rover named Pragyan

ISRO to make history as Chandrayaan-3 set for Moon touchdown today evening

The lander and rover landed near the lunar south pole region on 23 August 2023

On August 23, 2023, the lander and rover made history to become the first country on the lunar south pole.

Mission type LanderRover
COSPAR ID 2023-098B
Mission duration1 month and 9 days (elapsed): 3 to 6 months (planned) 18 days (elapsed) (since orbit insertion)VIKRAM lander: ≤ 0 days (elapsed) (since landing)PRAGYAN rover: ≤ 14 days (planned) 0 days (elapsed) (since deployment)
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass3900 kg

INTERESTING FACTS Royal Bengal Tigers.

Tigers Pictures | Download Free Images on Unsplash
  1. Tigers are the largest among other wild cats.

You probably knew that Royal Bengal Tigers are the largest amongst other wild cats but did you also know that the male Tigers weigh up to 300 kilograms? Jezz! That’s like weighing a group of six average humans. All they have to do is sit on top of you licking their paws, you’d be dead instantly.

The Illustrious Bengal Tiger is renowned for living in the Sundarban backwoods, a mangrove woods in India’s Sundarban Delta. The Sundarban Tiger Save is a 10,000-square-kilometer safeguarded region that is home to the world’s biggest convergence of tigers and is likewise one of the final living spaces for this imperiled species.

They are, however, primarily found in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal.

2. A punch from a Tiger may kill you.

If you have a pet Tiger and a vicious opponent, you might as well throw them into a fist battle, even putting away the tiger’s immense size. Just kidding, it’s against the law to keep a tiger as a pet. One swipe from a tiger’s front hand is considered to be sufficient to kill an individual or an animal, or at the least to break one’s bones.

3. Tigers are nocturnal animals.

Although it is not true that all tigers hunt at night, they prefer to do so for the majority of their hunting activity. This is because tigers prefer to avoid fighting with people during the day and patrol their area at night.

4. Tiger cubs are born blind and only half of the cubs survive.

The most heartbreaking aspect is that only a small percentage of blind tiger kittens survive. The young cubs have no vision and can only follow their mother’s smell. Most of them perish from hunger or cold since they are born blind and are unable to keep up. Male Tigers have even been known to consume some to free up the Tigress for mating. Just ridiculous, that!

Tiger Cub Photos, Download The BEST Free Tiger Cub Stock Photos & HD Images

5. Tigers love to swim and play in the water.

Unlike domestic cats, the bigger counterpart of this animal enjoys being in the water and can swim for extended periods. Since they raise cubs, mother tigers support or teach their young how to hunt, and they may even kill in the water. It is stated that they can swim for many kilometers as adults; one has even been seen swimming for 30 kilometers in a single day.

6. Tigers live for about 25 years.

Whether they are housed in captivity or the wild, tigers have a lifespan of 20 to 25 years. However, the majority passed away before the age of 20, like in the case of Machli who was 19 when she died at Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan, India. Flavel, a circus-rescued Tiger that was housed in a zoo in Tampa, Florida, was the oldest living Tiger as of yet at 25 years old.

7.  A group of Tigers is called an ambush or streak.

The Tigers are referred to as ambushes or streaks when they are placed in artificial settings where they must share or remain in place beneath specific locations in a man-made environment. Even a Tigress with her pups is referred to as an ambush.

The best places to see tigers in India | Far and Wild Travel

8. Tigers can mate with other big cats.

Tigers may also breed with other large cats; for instance, if a male mate with a female lion, the resultant creature is called a tigon. They are the biggest species of cat and have the potential to grow larger than the Liger, a cross between a male Lion and a female Tiger. A liger stands around 6 feet tall when standing and is roughly 4.5 feet tall when on all four legs.

9.  Amur tigers (sometimes called Siberian tigers) are the biggest tigers.

Amur tigers (sometimes called Siberian tigers) are the biggest tigers, with males weighing up to 660 pounds and measuring up to 10 feet long from nose to tip of the tail.

Siberian tiger - Wikipedia

10. Sumatran tigers are the smallest of the tiger subspecies. 

The smallest tiger subspecies are those found in Sumatra. No two tigers have an identical coat pattern of stripes, much like a person’s fingerprint. These characteristics can be used by researchers to recognize tigers in the wild. The tiger is a skilled swimmer.

Sumatran tiger - Wikipedia

11. A lot of tigers snooze.
Tigers spend most of the day sleeping since they hunt the majority of the time at night. A tiger may sleep for a maximum of 18 hours nonstop. Rarely do they go hunting during the day. It’s unquestionably one of the tiger facts demonstrating how similar to our domestic cats they are.

12. Tigers may starve to death.
Without food, humans might survive for 30 to 40 days. Without sufficient nutrition, tigers might starve to death in two weeks. This is mostly because of its enormous size and hunger.



Snakes in the city
  1. Snake eyes can reveal a snake’s poisonous status.

Venomous snakes generally have slitted or elliptical pupils, while non-venomous snakes usually have round pupils. Definitely one of the snake facts to keep an eye out for.  However, there are still certain exceptions. If you encounter a snake, it’s best to stay away. 

2. There are 600–1800 bones in a snake skeleton, depending on the species.

Each snake has ten bones in its skull and jaw, but each snake has a different set of ribs and vertebrae. For instance, the 10 cm long thread snake has 600 bones total, with each vertebra having an average of 200 and each rib having two. In comparison, larger and longer snakes have far more.

3. Snakes have a 170-year lifespan.

Captive snakes can live as long as 170 years, but in the wild, they can survive to 100 years.

4. The venom of the pico jackfruit snake may be able to treat cancer.

The Pico jackfruit snake or bushmaster is native to South America. Its potent venom causes vomiting, diarrhea, blood pressure crash, blindness, and a closed-up throat. If left untreated, an adult can die in minutes. However, scientists are exploring this venom as a cure for cancer. Through experimentation, scientists are trying to engineer venom to target cancer cells.       

5. The longest snake in the world is the reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus).

The longest snake in the world, the reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus), regularly exceeds 6.25 meters in length.

Reticulated python - Wikipedia

6. Leptotyphlops carlae, a small burrowing member of the snake family Leptotyphlopidae, is known as the Barbados thread snake.

Barbados threadsnake, (Leptotyphlops carlae), a tiny burrowing member of the snake family Leptotyphlopidae. Reaching a maximum adult length of only 10.4 cm (4.1 inches) and an average weight of 0.6 g (0.02 ounce), it is thought to be the world’s smallest known snake.

Barbados threadsnake - Wikipedia

7. The black mamba is the world’s fastest snake.

The black mamba is recognized as one of the deadliest snakes in the world. In a snap, the black mamba can move 4.32 to 5.4 meters per second, which is the fastest for any snake. Its venom is highly potent. Although the development of antivenom has lowered casualties, the black mamba still kills around 20,000 per year in Africa.

Black Mamba, Black, snake, Mamba, animal, HD wallpaper | Peakpx

8. A pine snake spends most of its time underground.

The pine snake feeds on its prey by entering rodents’ burrows and pressing them against the walls. It also stays underground during winters and hot summers. 

9. The Sonoran Coral snake farts when scared.

When you visualize a snake ready to attack, you’d definitely think of it hissing or baring its fangs, which is mostly true. The Sonoran Coral Snake is an exception, though. For a venomous species, it has a strange way of dealing with threats: the Sonoran coral snake will hide its head under its body, raise a tightly-curled tail, and force gas from its cloaca. Experts call this phenomenon cloacal popping. As you’d expect, the gas emits a foul smell to drive away enemies. How’s that for crazy snake facts?

10. The king cobra is believed to be one of the most intelligent snakes.

The only species of snake with a strong feeling of family is the king cobra. They are the only snake species that build nests and protect their young, in contrast to the majority of snake species that do so.

King cobra - Wikipedia

11. Mad snake disease can make snakes tangle into each other.

Captive snakes were recently diagnosed with the fairly new Inclusion Body Disease (IBD) which makes domestic boas and pythons tangle their bodies to death. The virus was said to come from infected rodents.

12. The St. Lucia racer is the most endangered snake.

Currently, only 18 to 100 of these snakes are left in the West Indies. 

13. A stressed snake may eat itself.

Snakes may also suffer from excessive heat. Without any nearby food, heat can make a snake feel hungry, at which point it may begin to feed on itself. An overheated snake won’t be able to stop biting once it starts since snakes also have the impulse to keep prey in, and it may finally die from blood loss.

14. A snake’s body will fail if temperatures reach below 10°C.  

Snakes cannot produce their own body heat because they are cold-blooded. For warmth, they frequently lie on rocks and tan. Once temperatures drop below 10°C, a snake will become immobilized and could potentially die if not taken to a warmer environment.

15. Snakes can eat things 75-100% bigger than their own size.

One of the scarier snake facts: A snake’s jaws are not fixed to its skull. Instead, they are connected loosely to the skull by ligaments. This loose connection lets snakes open their mouths around 150° to swallow their prey whole.

16. Snakes use their tongues to navigate.

When snakes stick their tongue out, it’s not just an intimidation tactic. Most snakes have poor eyesight and hearing, so they have to rely on their tongues to navigate and locate prey. Their forked tongues pick up pheromones in the surroundings, routing the signals to the Jacobson’s Organ and giving them a sense of direction.

17. Snakes can explode after overeating.     

Although a snake’s jaws and body can stretch multiple times its own size, it also has its limits. In Florida, a 13-foot python was found with a 6-foot alligator protruding from its body. The python’s head was missing, while the alligator’s tail and hind leg stuck out from its body. Definitely one of the more disturbing snake facts.

18. Pythons kill their prey by suffocating it.

Reaching lengths of 16-23 ft, pythons are some of the biggest and thickest snakes out there. They make up for the lack of venom by constricting their prey. An experiment showed that a reticulated python applied 6 pounds of pressure per square inch during constriction, which causes instant internal damage in most animals. Despite being some of the biggest snake species, ball pythons have also been a top choice for domestication.

19. Two-headed snakes don’t survive long.

You’d assume that more two-headed snakes would survive and proliferate in the wild as one of the animals with the greatest incidences of polycephaly. They don’t really survive for very long though because the two heads fight over food and frequently turn on one another. One one of those sad yet unsettling snake truths.

Medusa The $50,000 Two Headed Snake Is Surprisingly More Awesome Than Gross | Barstool Sports

20. Snakes lack exterior ears.

However, a snake can still hear through its skin, muscles, and bones carrying vibrations to its inner ears.



Earthworm - Wikipedia
  1. An earthworm is a tiny, long, thin animal that lives in the dirt and has neither legs nor eyes.

2. Worms Don’t Have Lungs and Breathe Through Their Skin.

Oxygen is required by all living things. Because they lack a nose, worms are unable to breathe through their mouths. Worms have a thin layer of porous skin in place of lungs, which allows oxygen from the air to flow through. Oxygen is broken down by the mucus on a worm’s skin. Consequently, the worm bin’s moisture level must be sufficient. A worm suffocates if it becomes dry. Similar to humans, worms drown in very wet environments.

3. Worms Are Cold Blooded and Have 5 Hearts.

Because worms are cold-blooded, they can’t regulate their temperature like mammals can. This means their body temperature will be the same as their surroundings.

Worms do not have a multi-chambered heart like mammals and reptiles do. Instead, they have 5 single-chambered aortic arches (functions similar to a heart) that pump blood through their body. The 5 hearts are close to the head of the worm.

4. A worm can live up to 8 years, however, the average life span is only about 2 years.

Depending on the species, worms have a broad range of life expectancies. Some worm species can survive up to 4–8 years in a safe, stable environment. The predators of worms are numerous in the wild. A composting worm’s lifespan is typically between two and three years.

5. South African-born Microchaetus rappi is the world’s longest earthworm.

image 14 image 14

Microchaetus rappi, a South African species, is the longest earthworm. On a road between Alice and King William’s Town in 1967, a massive specimen was discovered that was 20 mm (0.8 in) in diameter and 6.7 m (21 ft) long when fully stretched.

6. The Chaetogaster Annandale is the shortest earthworm.

image 8 jpeg image 8 jpeg

With a length of less than 0.5 mm (0.02 in), Chaetogaster Annandale is the shortest earthworm.

7. About 6,000 Different Types of Earthworms Exist.

Worms are present on all continents except Antarctica. There are about 6,000 species of earthworms. Earthworms are an invasive species. Their introduction can alter many different variables in the soil ecosystem.

8. They travel underground by tightening their body muscles.

Adults have the strength to push ten times their own weight in bulk. Different muscles alternately shorten and lengthen their body, creating a wave-like movement in their tube-in-a-tube body. This movement is caused by the contraction and relaxation of various muscles.

They have the ability to generate mucus that makes it easier for them to float through the earth when digging

9. Most of them are hermaphrodites.

The majority of earthworms are hermaphrodites, which means they possess both the male and female worms’ sex organs. This is a fairly amazing method of reproduction since it allows both partners to share genetic material and pass it on, basically doubling the benefits of mating.

However, some of these copulations can endure for up to 200 minutes, so it’s definitely a good idea to make the most of it.

10. They consume trash! from the soil.

Plant leaves progressively degrade as they fall off in the fall or when we compost our vegetable leftovers. Because it happens so frequently, we almost take it for granted, yet the process is actually ongoing.

Earthworms are among the most important of the many microorganisms and animals that participate in this process. Without them, leaves and other things would just lay about on the ground. This is what we often refer to as leaf litter, and earthworms love to eat it. 

11. Earthworms modify soil.

The nutrient-rich dung that sits on the soil’s surface and is easily accessible to plants is produced by earthworm burrows as they mix soil layers, aerate the substrate, and break down complex organic materials. Additionally, this promotes the structural integrity of the plant-growing medium and prevents soil erosion.

They are therefore essential to the development of our plants and our food. Without earthworms, soil density would gradually rise as well, limiting roots’ capacity to breathe and absorb water.


Hurricane Hilary strom

Tropical Storm Hilary, the 8th named typhoon of this 12-month Eastern Pacific typhoon season, was unexpectedly intensifying and is expected to bring heavy rain to elements of Mexico and the Southwestern United States this weekend.

image image

According to the National Hurricane Center, the storm had sustained winds of 70 miles per hour and higher gusts as of Thursday morning. Tropical disturbances are given names when they have sustained winds of 39 mph. A storm turns into a hurricane once winds hit 74 mph, and a major hurricane at 111 mph.

What is a Cyclone?

Cyclonic Rotation: Most Up-to-Date Encyclopedia, News & Reviews

The term “cyclone” is defined in meteorology as. a system of winds that rotates counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere

and clockwise in the southern hemisphere, moving toward a region of low barometric pressure.

There are different types of cyclones and they are:

  • Tropical cyclone.
  • Polar cyclone.
  • Mesocyclone.
  • Extratropical cyclone.

Tropical cyclone

A warm-core low-pressure system without a front that forms over tropical or subtropical waters and has a well-organized circulation is called a tropical cyclone. These include typhoons and hurricanes.

The largest tropical cyclones in the world

polar cyclone

Low-pressure areas that are permanently enmeshed in polar air masses are known as polar cyclones. At latitudes above the subtropical jet stream is where the stratospheric polar vortex forms. Most polar vortices are fewer than 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) in diameter horizontally.

Polar Cyclone Bell (2015) | Hypothetical Hurricanes Wiki | Fandom


A mesocyclone is an air vortex within a convective storm that has a diameter of between 2 and 10 miles. Usually, in the same direction as low-pressure systems, air rises and rotates along a vertical axis in a mesocyclone. They are most frequently connected to a specific area of low pressure during a powerful thunderstorm.

Mesocyclone: Photo of storm cell wins Nat Geo photo contest.

Extratropical cyclones

Extratropical cyclones are synoptic-scale low-pressure systems that form in the middle of the hemisphere in both directions and are characterized by intense precipitation, storm surges, extremely strong winds, and an increase in sea level and waves.

An extratropical cyclone puts two states in southern Brazil on “red alert”

who decides the name of cyclones in the world?

It is customary for the name list to be recommended by the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of WMO Members in a particular region and approved by the relevant tropical cyclone regional organizations at their annual/biannual meetings.